In the earliest texts and ancient myths of Hinduism, dharma meant cosmic law, the rules that created the universe from chaos, as well as rituals; in later Vedas , Upanishads , Puranas and the Epics , the meaning became refined, richer, and more complex, and the word was applied to diverse contexts. The Philosophy of the Middle Way. The third source applies when neither one’s education nor example exemplary conduct is known. For example, a fisherman must injure a fish, but he must attempt to do this with least trauma to fish and the fisherman must try to injure no other creature as he fishes. For this reason, in Hindu Epics, the good, morally upright, law-abiding king is referred to as “dharmaraja”. It is a Vedic, rather than an Indo-Iranian word, and a more recent coinage than many other key religious terms of the Vedic tradition. A right believer should constantly meditate on virtues of dharma, like supreme modesty, in order to protect the soul from all contrary dispositions. In the Yoga system the dharma is real; in the Vedanta it is unreal.

Dharma is an organising principle in Hinduism that applies to human beings in solitude, in their interaction with human beings and nature, as well as between inanimate objects, to all of cosmos and its parts. Key concept in Indian philosophy and religion. The Book of the Women; Book In some contemporary Indian languages and dialects it alternatively occurs as dharm. The four stages of life complete the four human strivings in life, according to Hinduism. Meditation, contemplation, mantra and prayer finally converge into a unified force directed towards the final stage, piercing the pearl of wisdom called bindu, leading to the Absolute.

He should also cover up the shortcomings of others.


Sanathana Dharmam | Episode 70 |

The concept, claims Paul Horsch, [24] has caused exceptional difficulties for modern commentators and translators. Therefore what must be done is to honor, to assert one’s self In the Second Book of Ramayanafor example, a peasant asks the King to do what dharma morally requires of him, the King agrees and does so even though his compliance with the law of dharma costs him dearly.

Some texts of Hinduism outline dharma for society and at the individual level. This dharnam inscription contains Greek and Aramaic text. The meaning of the word dharma depends on the context, and its meaning has evolved as ideas of Hinduism have developed through history.

:: srigarkipati ::

The whole and the parts. It is a Vedic, rather than an Indo-Iranian word, and a more recent coinage than many other key religious terms of the Vedic tradition. The five yama, according to Patanjali, are: The history and hermeneutics of a religious institutionNew York: The Jains 2 ed. Jains in the World: Only when a man’s effort is frustrated or when he is overcome with grief does he become a predestinarian believer in destiny. The third source applies when neither one’s education nor example exemplary conduct is known.

Sanathana Dharmam | Episode 297

The word dharma derives from Proto-Indo-European root. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

With no discrimination whatsoever, it leads a human being beyond the realms of man-made, institutionalized dictums. The Journal of the American Medical Association22pp. Sannyasa and stages of life [5]. It acts as the regulatory moral principle of the Universe. Law and justice [4].

Religion is comprised of rituals, dharrmam, and dogmas surviving on the wanathana of fear and blind faith. For example, according to Adam Bowles, [73] Shatapatha Brahmana The antonym of dharma is adharma Sanskrit: Dharma is a concept of dyarmam importance in Indian philosophy and religion. Dharma and related words are found in the oldest Vedic literature of Hinduism, in later Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and the Epics; the word dharma also plays a central role in the literature of other Indian religions founded later, such as Buddhism and Jainism.


It is semantically similar to the Greek Themis “fixed decree, statute, law”. In Upanishads, the concept of dharma continues as universal principle of law, order, harmony, and truth. However, the term dharma can also be transliterated from its original form.

Sanathana Dharmam | Episode 70

The evolving literature of Hinduism linked dharma to two other important concepts: Eusebia means not only to venerate gods, but also spiritual maturity, a reverential attitude toward life, and includes the right conduct toward one’s parents, siblings and children, the right sanathanna between husband and wife, and the conduct between biologically unrelated people.

Applicable to all people of all places and times.

In the Jain tradition, existence consists of jiva soul, atman and ajiva non-soulthe latter consisting of five categories: In explaining yama, Patanjali clarifies that certain professions and situations may require qualification in conduct. It evolves into a concept, claims Paul Horsch, [24] that has a dynamic functional sense in Atharvaveda for example, where it becomes the cosmic law that links cause and effect through a subject.